Climate change, according to the government agency, would aggravate the pressure on England’s water environment. The Environment Agency has warned that climate change will result in more floods and droughts, increasing sea levels, and increased demand for water supplies.
The government agency is warning that being robust to the inevitable effects of climate change is just as vital as taking steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions ahead of the United Nations COP26 climate meeting in Glasgow. The agency’s head, Emma Howard Boyd, said it’s a question of “adapt or die,” adding that terrible disasters like the flooding in Germany this summer will reach England if the country didn’t become more adaptable to the violent weather the climate emergency is bringing.
According to the Environment Agency in a report to the government, climate change will worsen the pressure on England’s water environment, which is already under stress due to pollution and growing demand.
According to the analysis, the agency alone will not be able to protect people from rising flood risks, and traditional flood protection measures will not be able to avoid extreme weather events. As a result, the Environment Agency states that flooding, water shortages, and pollution will become more frequent and severe. In addition, regulation is unprepared for climate change, and the natural world cannot adjust as quickly as climate changes.
Population growth and climate change will increase water demand, requiring more than 3.4 billion litres of additional water per day between 2025 and 2050 if no further action is taken. In addition, the report found that the significant contributions to water supply challenges are hotter and drier summers, increasing sea levels, and development demands.
By the 2050s, England’s winter rainfall will increase by about 6%, but summer rainfall will be down by 15% due to 2°C global warming, which is below the level of warming for which the globe is now on track. On flood protection, the Environment Agency said it was working with the government, businesses, communities, and the water regulator Ofwat.
It also stated that it was concentrating on repairing and constructing peatlands, wetlands, and other ecosystems in order to build more resilient areas for animals, lower the risk of floods, improve water quality, and increase public access to green spaces.
“The climate crisis is global, but its impact is in your village, your shop, your home,” Ms Howard Boyd added. While mitigation may save the world, adaptation, or the preparation for climate shocks, will save millions of people. Despite the government’s focus on adaptation at COP26, she claimed, the issue risked being “grievously undercooked” during the conference.
“It is adapt or die. With the right approach, we can be safer and more prosperous. So let’s prepare, act and survive,” she stated.