Cop26 Everything You Need To Know About the Glasgow Climate Conference

Everything You Need To Know About the Glasgow Climate Conference

The United Kingdom is hosting a summit that is viewed as critical in bringing climate change under control.

The summit in Glasgow, which will take place from October 31 to November 12, may result in significant changes in our daily lives. President Biden is expected to attend. Other foreign leaders, as well as a small city’s worth of diplomats, corporate executives, and activists will be present. It’s being described as a potential watershed moment in the fight to avert the worst effects of climate change, and it’s called COP26 for a reason.

The what and why of COP26

The Earth is warming as a result of human-caused fossil fuel emissions. As a result, extreme weather events connected to climate change are becoming more common, such as heatwaves, floods, and forest fires. The last ten years have been the warmest on record, and nations have agreed that immediate collective action is required.

These climate talks began in 1992 when countries agreed to a deal to stabilise greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere and avert disastrous climate change. Since then, the parties to this agreement have convened almost every year to discuss what remains to be done. A Conference of Parties, or COP, is what it’s called. This is the 26th meeting of its kind. So, here we are at COP26.

Two hundred countries have been requested to submit strategies to reduce emissions by 2030 for this summit. In 2015, they all committed to taking steps to keep global warming “well below” 2 degrees Celsius over pre-industrial levels, with a goal of 1.5 degrees Celsius to avert a climate catastrophe. This is known as the Paris Agreement, and it states that countries must continue to reduce emissions until they achieve net zero in 2050.

Who will attend?

A remarkable group of individuals. Saleemul Huq of Bangladesh’s International Centre for Climate Change and Development has attended every COP. He refers to the gathering as a “multi-ring circus.” Blue-badged diplomats from nearly 200 countries will debate the phrasing of a statement that will be disseminated at the meeting’s conclusion and will contain any actual decisions in the innermost ring. Celebrities, industrial groups, climate activists, and academic researchers will swarm other Glasgow locations, each with its own agenda. Protests are likely to occur. It’ll be a combination of a congressional session, a trade show, and a political rally.

What results to expect from COP26?

Most countries will lay out their intentions to reduce emissions before the summit begins, so we should have a good idea of where we stand ahead of time. However, we may expect a frenzy of additional announcements during the next two weeks. Many are expected to be quite technical, such as the laws required to implement the Paris Agreement.

Other announcements, on the other hand, could include:

  • Speeding the transition to electric vehicles
  • Accelerating the phase-out of coal-fired power
  • Felling fewer trees 
  • Increase the number of people who are protected from the effects of climate change, for example, by funding coastal-defence systems.

Up to 25,000 people, including world leaders, negotiators, and journalists, are expected in Glasgow. Thousands and more activists and businesses will also be there to conduct events, network, and stage protests. Extinction Rebellion, for example, is pushing for the use of fossil fuels to be phased out immediately. Some form of declaration is expected at the end of the summit. Every country will be obliged to sign up, and specific obligations may be included.

Will diplomats gather around a table to discuss greenhouse gas emission limits for their respective countries?

The Paris Agreement established an innovative approach to achieving this goal. Except for the planet, it works like a GoFundMe. First, countries submit individual “contributions” or plan to reduce heat-trapping emissions. The United Nations then adds them all together and determines whether the total is sufficient — or, as is the case now, whether there is still a gap between those plans and what climate experts say is required to avoid the most catastrophic consequences. Next, the Glasgow gathering requires countries to publish their plans to reduce emissions, with the possibility of going much farther.

What to look out for?

There will be a lot of discussion on money and climate justice. Developing countries polluted less per capita and were not previously responsible for the majority of emissions. They do, however, suffer from some of the most severe consequences of climate change. They require funds to assist them in reducing their emissions and dealing with climate change. It might imply more solar panels and flood defence systems in countries that rely on coal for energy.

A fight over reparations for underdeveloped countries affected by climate change will also erupt. In 2009, wealthy countries agreed to contribute $100 billion (£720 million) each year to impoverished countries by 2020. However, this target has yet to be met, and it may be postponed to 2023.

The agreements made by China at COP26 will be crucial. It is now the world’s largest polluter, with investments in coal-fired power plants all around the globe. Many people will be monitoring China – and other major fossil fuel producers – to see how swiftly they are willing to reduce their dependency on them.

How will COP26 affect our lives?

Everything You Need To Know About the Glasgow Climate Conference.

Updated national commitments to reduce carbon emissions are expected from national governments. However, many of these pledges will need to be implemented through national policies, which will affect residents in each country to be fulfilled.

The deal struck at COP26 is a watershed moment in the global carbon emissions trajectory this decade. The science is precise: we need to cut emissions in half this decade at the very least to keep temperatures below 1.5 degrees Celsius. We may expect to witness a slowing of global warming in the coming decades if we make ambitious commitments that national governments follow through on. If politicians fail to make strong deals and emissions continue to grow, more wildfires, floods, and climate catastrophes will likely occur around the world, disrupting billions of lives.

Some of the commitments made in Glasgow may have a direct impact on our daily life. It could affect whether you use a petrol car, heat your home with a gas boiler, or fly as frequently.

How will we know COP26 is a success?

As the host country, the United Kingdom is likely to push for a strong statement that recommits to net zero emissions by 2050, as well as significant reductions by 2030. It will also demand precise commitments on stopping coal use, phasing out gasoline cars, and protecting the environment.

Over the next five years, developing countries will require a major financial package to assist them in adapting to rising temperatures. Anything less will almost certainly be deemed inadequate, as there simply isn’t enough time to keep the 1.5C objective alive. Some experts, however, fear that world leaders have left it too late and that no matter what is agreed upon at COP26, 1.5 degrees Celsius will not be attained.

What does the final decision of COP26 likely entail?

Negotiators will clash over the final statement of the meeting. Climate experts hope that it would “send a signal” that those countries recognise the need for deeper carbon cuts in order to meet the elusive goal of keeping global warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius. Poorer countries, many of them from Africa, will demand explicit financial aid commitments to help them deal with climate-related calamities.

These countries argue that earlier commitments of $100 billion per year in “climate finance” are grossly inadequate, notwithstanding the fact that they have yet to be met. Furthermore, negotiators will strive to iron out the last wrinkles of what is known as “The Paris Rulebook.”These include guidelines for how countries should publish their emissions objectives and how a “carbon market” system, in which one country can buy emissions reductions from another, might work.